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Pear "Carmen" refers to summer varieties obtained by specialists of VNIIGiS fruit plants named after I.V. Michurin. The authorship and description of the variety belongs to breeder S. P. Yakovlev, who received it as a result of hybridization of the varieties "Blankova's Daughter" "Williams Red".
The variety is currently undergoing mandatory state testing, therefore, it belongs to the category of insufficiently distributed in home gardening in the territory of most regions of our country.
Description and varietal features
Pear "Carmen" is a fast-growing tree with a compact, narrow pyramidal crown shape, whose branches extend at an acute angle.
Characteristic is the presence of fairly thick, straight and slightly articulated shoots of brownish-brown color. The buds are conical in shape, small in size, pressed to the shoot. Foliage of medium size, round-elliptical, shiny. The fruits are medium, short-pear-shaped, covered with dry skin of an attractive burgundy red color. The peduncles are short and rather thick.
The pulp is white, with a slight cream tint, with average density. The consistency of ripe pulp is semi-oily, very juicy. Taste is high. The taste is sour-sweet, with a subtle aroma, without signs of astringency.
Removable harvest maturity occurs in mid-August, and the consumption period does not exceed two weeks. This variety comes into bearing in the fifth year after planting pear seedlings in a permanent place. It is characterized by average productivity and frost resistance. According to the results of the cultivation, gardeners characterized Carmen as a variety with minimal risk of scab damage.
How to plant a pear
Watering and feeding
The basis for the proper cultivation of Carmen pears in the first years after planting is the competent and timely formation of the crown. However, for full and proper development, young fruit stands need regular watering and systematic feeding.
To reduce the need for fertilizer in the first years of the pear's life, you need to properly prepare the site for planting. In a pre-dug landing pit, fertile soil should be poured with the addition of 30-35 kg of humus or high-quality compost, not more than 0.17 kg of superphosphate and about 0.2 kg of potassium chloride. For the root system of a fruit seedling, such a number of nutrients will be enough for quick adaptation and rooting. Immediately after planting, the first loosening of the soil in the trunk circles to a depth of 10-12 cm is carried out.
In the first two months after planting, fruit stands need abundant and regular watering. When irrigated, at least 30 liters of water are consumed for each young plant. After watering and shallow loosening, trunks should be mulched with organic matter. In autumn and spring, plants need moisture charging irrigation.
Two years after planting, in the early spring it is necessary to apply about 20-30 g of nitrogen-containing fertilizers (per 1 sq. M). About three years after planting, regular autumn digging should be carried out with 30 g of phosphorus, 20 g of potassium and 10 kg of organics. From the fifth year of life, fruiting plantations of a mullein solution or chicken droppings give a good result. It should be remembered that all dressings are carried out after abundant moisture in the soil.
Winter Preparation Tips
Young pears of the Carmen variety must be protected from the negative effects of low-temperature regimes in the winter. With age, the winter hardiness of the pear increases, however, in the first two or three years, it is recommended that all side branches be carefully pulled to the central conductor and tied with twine in several places. This procedure protects the brittle crown from breaking due to the sticking of snow mass. To protect against sunlight and rodent attacks, strands are strapped with fir spruce branches. In winters with little snow, regular podokuchivanie fruit plantations with snow.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the pear of the Sverdlovchanka variety.
Despite the fact that the Carmen pear variety has been bred relatively recently, it has been classified by most gardeners as very promising for cultivation in a home gardening environment. The unusually beautiful fruits of this variety have a very original carmine, light purple or bright coral color. This is the first variety bred for cultivation in the middle lane of our country and forming heavily colored fruits.
The advantages of the variety include the formation of a very compact crown, which allows you to grow a fairly large number of fruit plants on a small area. Pear trees of this variety are resistant to scab and septoria. However, the variety is not without some disadvantages, among which a relatively slow increase in yield.