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Svetlana Ivanovna Krasokhina is not only an experienced wine-grower with many years of experience, but also an approbator, as well as a breeder known to most wine-growers. Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, researcher at the Breeding Laboratory at VNIIViV im. Ya. I. Potapenko, S. I. Krasokhina is currently continuing its activities to develop new grape varieties.
On the work of the wine-grower S. I. Krasokhina
Svetlana Ivanovna is an outstanding successor to the dynasty of winegrowers, through whose efforts more than 150 varieties of this crop were obtained. Krasokhina is studying the features of using growth regulators for table grape varieties with a female type of flowering.
S. I. Krasokhina has already become the owner of four copyright certificates for grape varieties and two patents for inventions. In addition to studies on the improvement of varieties bred by breeders and the development of new ones with improved resistance to the damaging factors of hybrid forms, Svetlana Ivanovna advises winegrowers on the selection of varieties and the necessary agricultural technology.
Grapes "Baklanovsky": features
Varieties bred by a breeder
Several forms that were developed by S. I. Krasokhina attract particular attention and enjoy well-deserved success among winegrowers.
Technical grade from the parent line, represented by the varieties "Zaladende" and "Gift of Magarach". Known to many as the Early Dawn. The ripening period is 110 or 115 days.
Bushes are characterized by average growth rates. Grape brushes have a cylindrical shape and average size, weight no more than 250 g. Berries are rounded in shape and medium in size, weighing about 2 g. The main color of the berries is white. Taste good. The taste of grapes is very harmonious, and the pulp is characterized by juiciness.
The plant is characterized by shoot maturation at the level of 80% and can easily withstand a load of 80 eyes. Pruning should be done for 3-4 eyes. Frost resistance up to -29 ° С. Resistance to major fungal infections and rot is sufficient. The variety is characterized as ideal for making high-quality wine.
Grapes "Muscat Pridonsky"
A variety obtained by crossing varieties "Orion" and "Friendship". This is a white late-ripening wine grape. Harvesting begins after 130 days.
The bushes have a fairly strong growth and good vine ripening. The grape brush has a cylindrical shape, average size and average density, the mass varies from 200 to 250 g.
The berries have an average weight of 2.5 g, a rounded or slightly oval shape, as well as a characteristic white color. Taste harmonious, there is a nutmeg aroma. The pulp is very juicy, covered with a thin, but strong skin. Sugar accumulation rates do not exceed 20.0 g / 100 cm3acidity is 12.0 g / dm3. The number of fruitful shoots is about 95%, the fruiting coefficient ranges from 1.6 to 1.8.
The bush easily withstands a load of 60 eyes. Trimming is carried out on 3 or 4 eyes. The plant withstands frosts down to -27 ° C. Grapes demonstrate medium resistance to mildew, oidium, gray rot and phylloxera. Ideal for making high-quality wines, drinks get high marks when tasting.
Table variety obtained as a result of crossbreeding of grapes "Original" and "Delight". Also known under the names "Oval Delight" or "Original Delight".
Full ripening occurs on the 115-125th day after the awakening of the kidneys. The bushes are characterized by medium growth force and form large, moderate in density, conical-shaped brushes weighing from 600 to 900 g. The berries are large in size, white in color and round, even in shape.
Taste characteristics are good. The taste of juicy pulp of ripened berries is very harmonious. The variety is characterized by excellent maturation of shoots, which reaches 80%. The standard load is not more than 40 eyes. Pruning is recommended for 8-10 eyes. The plant withstands frosts down to -25 ° C. It has a high resistance to rot.
Table grape variety from the parental line represented by the Frumoasa Albe and Rapture varieties. Also known under the names "Super Kesha" and "Kesha nutmeg."
The average ripening period can vary from 120 to 135 days depending on weather conditions. The type of flowering is functionally female with good pollination rates. The grape brush is formed wide, conical and quite large. The average weight varies from 800 g to 1.1 kg. Bunches are characterized by medium density. White berries, most often large, with an average weight of 12 to 16 g.
Taste good. The taste is quite harmonious, with the presence of subtle muscat. Juicy flesh is covered with fully eaten skin. The maturation rate of the vine reaches 90%. Frost resistance of a grade to -25 ° C. Sufficient resistance to major grape diseases and rot is observed.
A table variety of white grapes obtained from the parental line, which is represented by the varieties "Birunitsa" and "Delight". From the moment of awakening of buds on the vine to the harvesting phase of the fully ripened crop, 120 to 130 days pass. The grape bushes of this variety are characterized by strong growth and bisexual flowering.
Grape brushes are cylindrical, large in size, weighing from 650 g to 1 kg or more. The bunch has a moderately dense structure. The berries are large in size, oval in shape, with a white peeling skin. Berry mass varies from 10 to 14 g.
Taste indicators worthy. The taste is very harmonious, the flesh is juicy. The growth rate of shoots reaches 60%. The standard load on the bush is no more than 40 eyes. Pruning should be done on 6-8 eyes. Frost resistance up to -25 ° С. Resistance to major grape diseases and rot is medium.
The variety transferred to the ICG under this name is better known as Galbena Nou or Yellow New. Obtained by crossing the varieties of the parental line "Frumoasa albe" and "Korinka Russkaya".
From the moment of awakening of the kidneys until the berries fully ripen, 105 to 120 days pass. Vine bushes are characterized by strong growth and are capable of forming broad-conical, rather massive brushes in size. The mass of grapes can vary from 400 to 850 g. Ripened clusters have moderate friability.
The berries are formed in large sizes, white staining with an amber hue and a rounded shape. Taste is high. The taste is harmonious, with slight notes of muscat. The pulp is quite dense and juicy. The shoot maturation rate is 80%.
We also suggest that you familiarize yourself with the material, which tells about the features of the grapes of selection of Pavlovsky E.G.
Reviews of winegrowers
Both experienced and novice growers are well acquainted with hybrid forms that are selected by S. I. Krasokhina. Both root and grafted seedlings have good vitality and adapt quickly enough. Gardeners with experience recommend taking into account one of the main rules for choosing grapes for cultivation: you need to make sure that the hybrid form is zoned.
Varieties bred by S. I. Krasokhina deserved the following reviews of winegrowers:
- "Platovsky" characterized as very successful for homemade wine. However, it is noted that wine from this grape is prone to oxidation under the influence of oxygen, so you should definitely use potassium pyrosulfate or carry out fumigation of wort with sulfur.
- The scourge of a large part of the vineyards - destructive phylloxera disease - for "Muscat of the Don" not terrible, which makes this hybrid grape form very popular with many wine growers engaged in growing berries for sale.
- The form "Baklanovsky" It has a fairly high resistance to defeat by mildew, oidium, and is also little affected by gray rot. To many amateur gardeners, the taste of this variety seems rustic, devoid of sophistication. However, the survival rate of cuttings and productivity deserved the most flattering reviews.
- Hybrid form "Mascot" with proper care, she is able to generously present the viticulturist with very tasty berries, which are suitable not only for personal use, but also for sale.
- A new and very promising table grape"Alexa", according to most gardeners cultivating different varieties, it is really worthy and differs in that it abundantly bears fruit and forms a marketable crop, regardless of weather conditions.
- Grapes called Zolotinka enters the fruiting phase in the 2nd or 3rd year after planting seedlings. Further yield and quality of berries entirely depend on compliance with agricultural technology.
Grapes "Talisman": harvesting
To date, S. I. Krasokhina is engaged in the selection of new table varieties and is actively involved in the programs "Giant", "Refrigerator" and "Pink Cloud", aimed at creating varieties with improved characteristics.