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Description and characteristics of Starkrimson pear varieties, cultivation and care

Description and characteristics of Starkrimson pear varieties, cultivation and care


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Old pear varieties, due to their excellent characteristics, still compete with new varieties. One of these varieties is the Starkrimson pear. Consider its description, pros and cons, cultivation features. How to plant and care for it, how to protect it from diseases and pests. How and when to harvest and store fruits.

Breeding history

The Starkrimson variety is the result of a free mutation of the well-known Lyubimitsa Klappa variety The plant appeared in 1939 in Michigan. Its main difference from the original variety is the red color of the fruit. Starkrimson was registered in 1956 by Stark Brothers Nursery.

Description and characteristics of the Starkrimson variety

The tree is above average or tall in height, the crown is of a pyramidal type, spreading, leafy branches. Fruiting on wild pear rootstock begins in the 7th year, on quince - in the 5th. Productivity grows gradually, the tree bears fruit stably only after 10 years of life. The average harvest of fruits is 30 kg per tree.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Starkrimson blooms in mid-late terms. Requires the presence of pollinators, the same varieties are suitable as for Lyubimitsa Klappa: Bere, Dessertnaya, Williams, Tavricheskaya.

Fruits ripen in summer, large, 185-285 g. The shape of pears is classic, the skin of unripe fruits is yellow, with a red blush. Ripe fruits are red. Inside, they are white, juicy, the flesh is soft, sour-sweet. Summer pears are not stored for long, only 1 month. Transportability is average.

Advantages and disadvantages

winter hardiness, withstands frosts down to -40 ˚С;

good type of fruit;

great taste.

tree height;

sub-maturity;

short shelf life;

unpicked fruits fall off in time.

The nuances of growing pear

The pear needs to find a suitable place for planting. Then prepare the seedling and plant it correctly. The development and even fruiting of the tree depends on how correctly the planting is carried out.

Site selection and soil preparation

The Starkrimson pear variety does not tolerate autumn and spring frosts, in winter the change of thaws and cold snaps, so it should be planted in the sunniest and warmest area, under the protection of buildings and fences.

Grows well in loose, moist, fertile soil. Before preparing the landing hole, it is dug up, leveled. A hole is made 0.7 m wide and deep, drainage is poured at the bottom, then a mixture of excavated earth, humus and ash is poured (1 to 1).

Selection and preparation of a seedling

Pear seedlings of 1-2 years of age take root best. They are planted in early spring or in the middle of autumn, in the first case, the buds should not bloom on the plant, in the second, the leaves should fall off. The bark on the trunk and branches should be smooth, elastic, without damage or disease.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

The day before planting, the roots of the pear are soaked in a solution of a root formation stimulant. After processing, the tips of the roots (if they are dry), branches and the central conductor are cut off by 1/3 of the length.

Landing algorithm

1-1.5 buckets of water are poured into a pre-prepared pit. When it is absorbed, the roots of the seedling are lowered into the middle, covered with earth above the root collar, but below the graft. Lightly tamp the soil, water it again and cover the trunk circle with mulch.

Further care of the culture

The Starkrimson variety is considered unpretentious, but demanding on the agricultural technology of fruit crops.

Soil mulching

Laying a mulch layer protects the soil above the root system from drying out and compaction. As a result, the number of waterings is reduced, there is no need to loosen and weed the plant. This saves time and effort in maintaining the garden. Mulch is laid immediately after planting, then changed 2 times a year - in spring and autumn.

Watering

Before rooting, for the first 2 months, the tree is watered every week, if the summer is hot, in the first 2-3 years it is watered abundantly until autumn. Mature trees are watered in drought and during the period of fruit loading. For each square. m. of the area occupied by pears consume at least 2-3 buckets of water.

Fertilizer

In the first season, the seedling is not fertilized. All subsequent years, fertilizers are applied in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season, after the end of flowering and during the period of fruit formation. Starkrimson can be fertilized with both organic and mineral fertilizers. In the spring, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied, followed by phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

Circumcision

Pruning of branches is done in the spring, before the leaves bloom, or in the fall, after they have fallen. Cut off dry, diseased, fertile and simply superfluous, growing inward, shoots. The formation of the crown has been going on for several years. To reduce the height of the tree, it is preferable to form a cupped crown.

Pests and diseases

Starkrimson's scab resistance is above average. The tree can be affected by fungal and bacterial diseases, especially often with poor care, with improper or untimely pruning. Preventive measures - preventive spraying with fungicides before the period of possible spread of diseases. When signs of infection appear, spraying with drugs in a therapeutic dose.

Pear gall mite is considered a pest of Starkrimson. Methods of control and prevention - spraying the tree with an insecticide.

Collection and storage

Starkrimson pear ripens in the summer, at the end of July. As soon as the fruits are ripe, they need to be harvested so that they do not crumble. The harvested fruits are not stored for a long time, mainly they are consumed fresh or processed, making homemade preparations. Those that are left for storage are placed in a cold and dark room. The shelf life is 1 month.

Starkrimson pear is similar in characteristics and taste to its parent, Clapp's Favorite. Grows in all climatic zones. Suitable for growing in personal plots. The cultivation and care technology does not differ from the requirements of most crop varieties.


Watch the video: Common Problems with Growing Pear Trees (December 2022).