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Gardeners are happy with Ulyanikhinsky apricot. The plant does not require special care, it is resistant to major diseases and pests. And you can enjoy delicious fruits every year. Moreover, the harvest allows the whole family to eat their fill and roll up the vitamin preserves.
History of origin
The Russian gardener Ivan Michurin managed to obtain varieties of apricots improved in their characteristics. His work was continued by scientific institutions and amateur gardeners. One of them - L. M. Ulyaninikhin - created a variety named after him.
Apricot Ulyanikhinsky was obtained by crossing the varieties Comrade (author Michurin), Satser and Krasnoshchekiy. The result was appreciated: in 2004 Ulyanikhinsky was included in the State Register of Cultivated Plants in the Central Black Earth District.
Today, the cultivar is often found in gardens. Its main value: you can start eating apricots in the third year after planting the tree. With proper care, fruiting is regular.
Description of the variety
Apricot attracts gardeners. The reason for this is its varietal characteristics. Description of the variety:
- spreading crown (up to 3 m in diameter);
- height 3.5 m;
- average foliage;
- medium branching;
- the color of the bark is brownish red;
- the arrangement of the shoots is vertical;
- internodes are short;
- cone-shaped buds, lagging behind the shoots;
- the leaf is rounded, the tip is sharp, the edge is serrate;
- stipules weakly dissected;
- flowers are white;
- early ripening variety (ripens at the end of July);
- self-fertile apricot (ovaries are formed without the presence of pollinating plants).
Distinctive feature: Ulyanikhinsky blooms before the leaves open. Agronomists recommend planting 1-2 year old seedlings. Young trees take root better and begin to bear fruit faster.
Characteristics of apricots:
- maximum fruit weight 33 g;
- the shape of the apricot is oval-round;
- the skin is thin but strong;
- the apricot is bright yellow with a pronounced blush;
- the pulp is juicy, yellow;
- the mass of the bone is 3% of the total mass;
- the bone of a ripe fruit is easily separated;
- the taste is excellent - sweet and sour.
Gardeners consider the lack of the Ulyanikhinsky fruit shedding. Ripe apricots do not stick well to the branches. But collected on time, they are perfectly stored for 2-3 weeks in a cool place.
Ulyanikhinsky pleases summer residents with a stable harvest with minimal care. But it is still necessary to follow the basic rules.
Dates and place
For a comfortable existence, the apricot needs to allocate a special place on the site. It must be protected from cold northerly, northeasterly and easterly winds. These air currents dry out fruit and growth buds. The gardener does not receive a crop.
Ulyanikhinsky feels good when placing summer cottages on the south side. But when planting, you should take into account the spreading and height of the tree. It is recommended to retreat from the wall 3-4 meters.
It is recommended to plant a one-year seedling in early spring (before bud break) or late autumn (3-4 weeks before a steady cold snap). The tree must have time to take root: this will help it survive the harsh time.
The Ulyanikhinsky soil requires loose, fertile soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. On acidic soils, liming is recommended before planting. Heavy clay soils should be sanding (a bucket of coarse sand per 1 square meter should be brought in for digging).
It is required to prepare a landing pit in advance. Its size: 70 cm x 70 cm x 70 cm. The pit should be filled with mature organic matter and a mineral complex mixed with soil. It is recommended to prepare the pit in the spring with the planned autumn planting and in the fall - with the spring.
An annual seedling is planted in the hole. It should freely accommodate the apricot root system. If it is impossible to immediately place a tree in a permanent place, you need to dig it in... In this state, the apricot can spend the season without losses.
Ulyanikhinsky is a self-fertile variety. For stable fruiting, it does not require pollinating trees. But to increase the yield, it is recommended to place 2-3 apricots on the site, blooming at the same time with it. Red-cheeked, Michurinsky the Best will do.
Young seedlings require competent care. 1-2 year old trees are especially vulnerable. Mature trees need regular pruning, watering, fertilizing and pest control.
Preparing for winter
Winter preparations should be started early. It is recommended to tie young seedlings with sacking to prevent damage from hares and frostbites.
For trees of any age, water-charging watering is required. This measure will help the apricot survive the cold season. It is necessary to clear the near-trunk circle of weeds and fill it with needles. Small rodents will not nest in prickly areas.
In winter, after snowstorms, snow should be trampled around the trunk over the entire area of the trunk circle. This destroys rodent burrows and protects the trunk. The thick snow cover prevents the onset of sap flow during thaws.
Ulyanikhinsky is prone to overgrowth. But the thickened crown will not allow insects to pollinate the flowers evenly. And ripening fruits require sunlight. Therefore, pruning should be done regularly.
The optimal time is early spring or late autumn. Sap flow stopped at this time. The tree will survive the operation painlessly. Pruning rules:
- the crown should be transparent;
- all dried and damaged (during snowfall or wind) shoots are removed;
- growing at an acute angle or crossing branches are cut;
- cuts are made “on the ring” (to avoid rot);
- wounds larger than 1.5 cm are covered with garden varnish or oil paint (to protect against bacteria and fungi).
For trimming, a disinfected (with alcohol or potassium permanganate) and well-sharpened tool is used.
Top dressing of a tree
When planting in a filled planting hole, the first 3 years of feeding are not done: the tree has enough food. And then mineral complexes should be added twice a year: in spring and autumn. Organics are given to the tree in early spring (immediately after the snow melts): a bucket of mature compost per 1 square meter.
Harvesting and storage
Ulyanikhinki is prone to fruit shedding. They should not be overexposed on a tree. The apricots are harvested in the last weeks of July. For convenience, it is recommended to use a fruit picker. So apricots are less damaged and stored longer.
The collected fruits must be sorted. Put the strong ones in boxes or baskets with a layer of 5-7 cm and lower them into a ventilated cellar. There, the apricots will be perfectly preserved for 3 weeks. Soft and wrinkled ones need to be recycled immediately.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Gardeners note the positive qualities of Ulyanikhinsky:
- regular fruiting;
- winter hardiness;
- excellent transportability;
- delicate taste of fruits;
- universal purpose of apricots;
- resistance to diseases and pests.
But the variety also has disadvantages:
- tendency to shedding fruits;
- increased overgrowth formation;
- crushing of fruits in case of violation of the rules of care;
- sensitivity to waterlogging of the soil.
Competent gardeners easily deal with shortcomings.
Diseases and pests
Ulyanikhinsky has good immunity to major diseases and pests. But this requires proper care of the tree. If the recommendations are violated, the apricot is affected by the moth, leafworm and aphids.
At the first signs of damage, it is recommended to carry out treatment with insecticides (according to the instructions). To effectively control aphids, you need to remove the garden ants. This procedure takes place in March-April.