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Tomatoes "De Barao" belong to indeterminate varieties. Such tomatoes are always tall and deservedly enjoy extreme popularity among gardeners in our country.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Variety "De Barao" is an indeterminate type, with a standard lash height of three meters, and sometimes more. Tomatoes of this variety can be cultivated both in the greenhouse and in open ground conditions. Tomatoes "De Barao" belong to the varieties of medium-late ripening period.
The mass stage of fruiting begins from 115 days after sowing seed material. Tomato bushes are medium-sized, able to well form lateral shoots and have characteristic long internodes.
The leaves have a dark green color. Foliage is usually medium in size. Inflorescences are simple and compact enough. Most often, the first inflorescence is formed at the level of 9 or 11 leaves, but there may be slight variations depending on the variety. The following inflorescences form three leaves after the first.
Fruits have an oval shape. The coloration of the integumentary skin depends on the variety. The most popular varieties are black, yellow, pink and red. The skin is smooth. The average weight can vary from 55 to 80 g. The palatability of the pulp is excellent, with a harmonious combination of acid and sugars. Productivity can reach 7.5 kg per square meter.
Advantages and disadvantages
The popularity of De Barao tomatoes among gardeners is due not only to excellent taste indices, but also to a fairly simple growing technology. In addition, the variety has a number of advantages that distinguish it from other varieties and hybrids:
- the possibility of universal use of the harvested crop;
- high productivity per square meter;
- unpretentiousness and resistance to diseases;
- evenness and appearance of tomatoes;
- excellent taste and balanced composition of tomato pulp.
The variety is quite unpretentious and requires compliance with the basic rules of agricultural technology when growing on a personal plot.
De Barao Tomatoes: Harvest
Varieties (royal, pink and others) and their features
Variety of tomatoes "De Barao" depending on the color of ripe fruits is divided into several varieties, which have the same properties, including high stature and indeterminate type, suggesting the formation as a new ovary develops with an extension of the fruiting period.
|Grade name||Features and characteristics||Productivity|
|Black De Barao||It is cultivated in garden plots and in small farms using film shelters. It is used fresh and for whole-canning. Late-ripe, indeterminate, highly branched variety, the height of which exceeds two meters. The first inflorescence over 9-11 leaves. Tomatoes are egg-shaped, with a smooth surface. The color of the ripe fruit is purple-brown. The mass of tomato is about 60 g. Taste good.||up to 8 kg per square meter|
|Red De Barao||Medium-late indeterminate variety intended for fresh consumption, canning and long-term storage. Taste and commercial qualities are excellent. The main advantages are cold resistance, shade tolerance and fruiting duration. The color of the fetus is red. The shape is oval-ovoid. Average weight 65 g. The pulp is fleshy. Transportability is good.||3.5 kg per tomato bush|
|Pink De Barao||A medium-late variety intended for fresh consumption, canning and long-term preservation. Taste and commercial qualities are excellent. The main advantages are excellent ripening, long-term storage without loss of quality, resistance to late blight. Fruits are pink, oval-ovoid, dense. The average weight is 65 g. Transportability is very good. Bushes are powerful, vigorous, indeterminate.||from 5.5 - 7.0 kg per square meter|
|Tsarist De Barao||Medium late ripening. Designed for using fresh tomatoes and canning. The taste and marketability are excellent. The main advantages are cold resistance, shade tolerance and long fruiting. The variety is resistant to late blight. The color of the fruit is pale raspberry, with an oval-plum shape. The pulp is relatively dense and fleshy. The average weight of the fetus varies from 0.1 to 0.15 kg.||up to 15 kg from one bush|
|Golden De Barao||Ripening is medium late. Designed for using fresh tomatoes and canning. The taste and marketability of the fruits are good. The variety is resistant to late blight. The fruits are yellow in color, dense, oval-ovoid in shape, weighing from 60 to 90 g. The bushes are very powerful.||up to 4 kg per plant or 8 kg per square meter|
|Yellow De Barao||Tomatoes with an extended growing season. In the process of cultivating fairly tall and well-formed bushes are formed. The mass of each fruit is about 80 g. The fruits are elongated, yellow in color, with a dense and tasty pulp. Transportability and appearance are excellent.||6.5 kg from each bush|
Features of agricultural technology
According to most experts, the best predecessors for any varieties and hybrids of tomatoes are cucumbers, zucchini, carrots, cauliflower, parsley and dill.
Sowing seed material is recommended in March. For this purpose, it is necessary to prepare the landing tank and fill it with nutritious soil substrate. Sowing seeds "De Barao" should be carried out in accordance with the following rules:
- the soil mixture should consist of half a bucket of ordinary garden soil with the same amount of leaf or dung humus;
- sowing prepared seed material with a distance of 1.5-2 cm;
- on top of the seeds placed on the soil, pour the nutrient soil mixture with a layer of not more than 0.8 cm.
Sowing should be covered with a film or glass to warm up and retain moisture. The container with sown seeds should be placed in a warm place. Systematically airing crops.
Caring for tomato seedlings is a simple matter, but it requires some knowledge and time. Usually the first tomato seedlings appear already on the fifth day. Further care for seedlings is standard and consists in the following activities:
- when shoots appear, the film is removed from the container;
- temperature indicators should be at the level of 15 in the first daysaboutFROM;
- from the second week of development, the temperature should be raised to 20aboutFROM;
- the seeds remaining on the leaves are removed by hand after spraying the plants with ordinary water from the spray bottle;
- in insufficient light, plants should be illuminated;
- top dressing should be carried out with complex mineral fertilizers or vermicompost three weeks after emergence;
- picking is carried out in the phase of a pair of real leaves on plants;
- To protect against the black leg, you need to powder the soil with ordinary wood ash.
When these simple requirements are observed, it contributes to obtaining strong and very healthy tomato seedlings. Before planting, measures should be taken to harden seedlings.
Planting tomato seedlings
Planting of seedlings can be carried out both in greenhouses or hotbeds, and on ridges of open ground. Planting De Brao tomato seedlings, depending on the cultivation region and weather conditions, can be carried out in mid-May under film shelters and in greenhouses, and in early June, seedlings are planted in open ground.
Seedlings must be two months old and have at least 5 true leaves. The plan for planting seedlings is 50 x 55 cm. It is required to tie growing plants to stakes. After planting, the wells are watered with plenty of warm water.
De Barao is a tall tomato variety that needs to be planted not only in the area where the plants will receive the maximum amount of sunlight and heat, but also that the tomatoes should be properly maintained.
Watering and feeding
Tall tomatoes should only be watered under the root, it is impossible to wet fruits and leaves during watering. The root system of this tomato variety grows and develops very well, as a result of which it is necessary to carry out regular and plentiful watering. For good growth, tomatoes need 2.5 liters per plant daily. After irrigation, the soil between the rows must be loosened. To simplify the irrigation procedure allows the use of drip irrigation systems.
During the summer, plants should be fed three times with a solution of Baikal-EM-1.
Shaping and pinching
As a rule, it is recommended that De Barao tomatoes be formed into one or a couple of stems. Pasynkovka is an extremely important and necessary procedure when growing tall varieties and hybrids of tomatoes. All extra stepchildren should be removed.
After the first tomato fruits are formed in the lower part of the plant, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves, leaving no more than eight on the upper part of the plant. As new leaves grow, lower ones should be removed.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the technology of growing tomatoes "upside down."
Reviews of gardeners
According to reviews of gardeners, we can conclude that "De Barao" is a very demanding variety in the care, and the technology for its cultivation is somewhat different from the cultivation of other popular hybrid varieties of tomatoes. Compliance with agricultural technology contributes to obtaining high yields of very high-quality fruits. This variety is especially appreciated by gardeners for the fact that, regardless of the variety, tomatoes of this variety can be used both for canning and for fresh consumption.