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What is better to make a slit floor for a pigsty and how to do it yourself

What is better to make a slit floor for a pigsty and how to do it yourself


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Farmers who are going to breed piglets should prepare special premises for this in advance. Slit floors are important for pigsties. These are comfortable floor coverings that greatly simplify the cleaning of sheds from manure and other debris. Before you start organizing the floors, you need to familiarize yourself with their varieties and features.

Sex requirements for pigs

Before choosing a floor that would be suitable in terms of quality and cost, you need to familiarize yourself with the technical requirements for flooring. Indoor floors for breeding piglets should be:

  • Resistant to wear and tear. It is no secret that floor coverings in livestock buildings are often damaged. Therefore, it is recommended to use reliable floors that are resistant to mechanical damage and do not deteriorate under the influence of waste products of piglets.
  • Safe. When choosing a floor covering, you need to make sure that it is completely safe. Pigs' legs should not fall into crevices. Therefore, the maximum width of the holes should not exceed fifteen millimeters.
  • Eco-friendly and hygroscopic. These floor coverings keep the barn clean. They practically do not absorb moisture, so that unpleasant odors do not accumulate inside the room.
  • Practical and comfortable to use. Floors should be such that they can be easily cleaned of manure or food debris. They should also be easily disinfected and cleaned of contamination.

Advantages and disadvantages of slotted coating

Slatted floors have a number of disadvantages and advantages that you need to be familiar with before using them. Among the advantages are the following:

  • Reducing the risk of morbidity in piglets. Slotted coatings do not absorb moisture, and therefore animals in such pigsties are less likely to get sick with intestinal diseases and colds.
  • Increased weight gain. When using such coatings, the daily weight gain reaches 80 grams.
  • Reducing the amount of liquid you may need to clean the barn. To care for slotted surfaces, you need five times less water.
  • Easy to manufacture. If desired, each farmer can independently make such a floor covering for a barn, which contains piglets.

However, such coatings also have disadvantages, among which are:

  • if they are made of low-quality metal, traces of rust appear on the surface;
  • galvanized metal floors have a high thermal conductivity and are therefore often cold.

Varieties

There are three types of slotted coverings, which are most often installed in pigsties.

Plastic

The most modern floors are considered to be made of high-strength plastic. It is impossible to make them yourself, since special equipment is used in their manufacture. Plastic floors are installed in small pigsties. If the room has a large area, plastic should not be used. This material can crack under the stress of a large number of animals.

The main difference between plastic products is their low thermal conductivity. Thanks to this, a high temperature will be kept inside the barn even in winter.

Metallic

These slotted coatings are made of cast iron or galvanized metal. Although they are not very common, such products are considered to be the most reliable. They can withstand any stress and cope with mechanical damage. Also, iron does not absorb moisture, and therefore the inside of the barn will not smell like manure.

The only drawback is corrosion, which appears in rooms with high humidity.

Concrete

In large farms, concrete flooring is most commonly used. They are able to handle heavy weight loads. For small farms, these floors will not work. The disadvantages of concrete structures are their high cost and complexity of manufacture.

Required tools and materials

Of all these types of coatings, a metal floor is considered the most suitable option for self-production. Before creating it, it is necessary to prepare the materials and tools that will be needed to complete the work. These include:

  • metal base in the form of galvanized sheets with a thickness of five millimeters;
  • gloves;
  • eye protection mask;
  • work clothes;
  • roulette;
  • welding machine;
  • grinder, with which the iron sheets will be cut.

How to install a slatted floor in a pigsty with your own hands

You can make an iron slatted floor in several successive stages:

  • Make blanks. The width of the metal strips should not be more than ten centimeters. The gap between them is 1-2 centimeters.
  • Weld the prepared iron strips. The parts must be welded with an overlap to make the structure stronger.
  • Make supports. To prevent the floor from sagging, five metal supports are made. Four of them are placed on the sides, and one is placed in the center.
  • Cover the installed metal structure with plastic or wood flooring. On such a surface, animals will sleep more comfortably.

Conclusion

A slatted floor is considered the most suitable floor covering for a pigsty. Before making it, you need to familiarize yourself with the design features, as well as its varieties and installation nuances.


Watch the video: How to Cut Subflooring With A Circular Saw, Skill Saw (February 2023).