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Pepper Ramiro is the property of Italian breeders. Despite the strongly elongated shape, the taste of the fruit is much sweeter than that of the Bulgarian species.
High-yielding mid-season variety. The fruits ripen 130 days after germination. The height of the bush is 90 cm. In its shape, the pepper resembles a large chili. The skin is thin. The length of the fruit is 25 cm with a wall thickness of 0.5 cm. As for the color, there are several varieties: red, yellow, green. The average weight of a vegetable is 90–150 g. The taste is sweet pepper. 10-12 fruits are tied on one plant. Pepper is stored for 3 months.
The variety is intended for indoor cultivation, but in good weather conditions it can also grow in the garden.
As you can see, the characteristics of the Ramiro variety are quite impressive. However, do not forget that all these advantages can be crossed out by improper care. What rules should be followed when growing a vegetable?
Seedling growing technology
Pepper is a vegetable that is grown in seedlings in most regions. It is possible to sow seeds of the Ramiro variety on a garden bed only in the southern part of the country. A culture is grown using this technology:
- A mixture of rotted manure, garden soil, sand (2: 1: 1) is used as a substrate. To destroy the accumulated disease-causing bacteria, the soil is calcined in the oven before planting. Please note that the temperature during such processing should not be higher than +60 ⁰С, otherwise the land will become unsuitable for growing plants.
- By nature, the long germination of pepper is improved by soaking the planting material in a growth promoter. After 4–5 hours of “bathing”, the solution is drained, and the seeds are washed with water, dried or sown immediately. Planting depth - 2 cm.
- The seedling container or individual containers are covered with foil and placed in a dark place where the temperature is above +20 ⁰С. After the sprouts appear, the covering material is removed, and the seedlings are transferred to the windowsill.
It is known that cold water is not suitable for watering many crops, including pepper. To humidify the substrate and air, it is best to use settled water at room temperature.
Since excessive moisture is the main cause of illness and death of young plants, watering should be carried out only after the soil has dried out, and the room itself should be regularly ventilated.
Pepper is hardened 14 days before transplanting to a permanent place. They take out the containers to the balcony and gradually increase the time spent in such conditions from half an hour to a whole day. Seedlings are considered ready for diving at the age of 60 days. According to calendar dates, disembarkation is carried out in the third decade of May or early June.
When choosing a bed for Ramiro pepper, you need to take into account not only the illumination, but also the predecessors. So, it is best to plant a crop after pumpkins, cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage. For the purpose of disinfection, a week before the expected date of planting, the soil is abundantly sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate. Ammonium nitrate is introduced for digging - 30 g per 1 sq. m.
To protect the pepper from underflooding and strong drafts, a 30 cm mound is made and indeterminate tomato varieties are planted in the aisles. Seedlings are planted in holes 15 cm deep, and then watered with lukewarm water. In the southern regions, where the soil dries up too quickly, the culture is mulched with peat.
The frequency of hydration is directly related to the stage of development of the pepper. So, during the growth period and during the pouring of fruits, watering is carried out once a week, and during the formation of ovaries - 2 times. Water consumption per 1 sq. m. plantings - 6 liters. As with growing seedlings, the water for irrigation should be warm. After the next introduction of water or rain, the soil is gently loosened.
Ramiro peppers are very sensitive to fertilizers. Therefore, in order for the description of the variety to exactly coincide with the grown plants, root and foliar dressings are used together.
The first time young plants are pampered with fertilizers 2 weeks after planting. The pepper is fed with a solution of cow dung (1:15) or chicken manure (1:10).
To prevent the ovaries from falling off, pepper is treated with a mixture of boric acid prepared at the rate of 2 g of substance per liter of water. Bushes growing in the garden are sprayed with sweet water during the flowering period, which attracts the attention of bees. Foliar dressing is carried out in the morning and evening hours.
The second root dressing is applied under faded plants. To prepare the nutrient mixture, 20 g of potassium nitrate and superphosphate are alternately stirred in a bucket of water.
Thanks to these chemical elements, the root system of the pepper is strengthened, and the taste of the fruit increases. The same top dressing is applied after the first harvest, as it increases the duration of fruiting.
In order to prevent diseases and pests, the Ramiro pepper is molded twice. The first time the inflorescence is cut off after the plants form the first branch. As a rule, the height of the plant reaches 20 cm by this time.
The second time the procedure is carried out after the formation of 10 sheets. Only 2-3 strong shoots are left on the bush, and all the rest are removed. A properly formed bush should have no more than 20–25 ovaries.
Have you grown this sweet pepper? Was the description confirmed?