Description of the Vympel apple variety, its advantages and disadvantages

Description of the Vympel apple variety, its advantages and disadvantages

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Vympel apple-tree variety - winter. It is characterized by delicious juicy apples that ripen in autumn and are successfully stored until spring. This variety was bred relatively recently, but has already become a favorite among breeders and simply gardening enthusiasts. In this material, we will consider the description of the variety and its peculiar features.

Breeding history

Apple tree Pennant is an artificially bred variety by several breeders. Her “parents” are N.I. Saveliev, N.N. Savelyeva, A.N. Yushkov and A.S. Zemisov.

The variety was recently developed as a winter apple, well resistant to frost and other unpleasant climatic conditions.

The variety has been in the register of types suitable for use for more than seven years. Only now it has been thoroughly tested and evaluated in terms of storage and production.

Interesting! Scientists have found that Pennant apples can be stored for a long time without spoiling at all.

In the gardens of the Michurin Center, apple trees grow, the yield of which is about 400 centners per year (from one hectare of planting). Researchers are confident that Pennant will gain widespread acceptance and become available on the sales market in the near future.

Description of the apple tree Pennant

The Pennant plant belongs to winter apples. Its fruits are large. Each ripe fruit weighs 180 grams.

The shape of the fruit is round, regular, symmetrical. Color - shades of green with red stripes. The funnel is medium.

According to the description, the appearance of the tree is a short, stocky plant with powerful branches, allowing it to withstand a bountiful harvest. The crown is thick. The leaves are large, dark green in color.

During the flowering period, flowers are collected in 4-6 pieces. Apple blossoms in spring, but ripening occurs in October and early November.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Since the Vympel variety was bred relatively recently, it is difficult to talk about any of its clearly expressed advantages or disadvantages.

However, like any selection apple, Pennant has the following advantages:

  1. Resistant to low temperatures.
  2. Disease resistance.
  3. Sweet apple taste.
  4. Strong peel in bright colors.
  5. Good transport tolerance.
  6. Long shelf life.

The few disadvantages of the variety include:

  1. Need for weekly watering.
  2. The need for winter care.

As you can see, this species has a small number of disadvantages, and they are not significant for gardeners.

The tree brings a bountiful harvest, and this is the main criterion for a person who grows fruits.

Main characteristics

The apple tree Pennant is a tree with a medium-dense crown, the shape of which is close to round. Produces large, rounded (slightly flattened) fruits. The pulp is creamy green with fine grains. Possesses sweet and sour taste and pleasant smell.

The tree bears fruit regularly since the fourth year. The yield is 192 centners per hectare of area.

Dimensions of the tree

At the seedling stage, the apple tree looks normal. However, after a couple of years, the features of the species become noticeable.

The growing tree itself is vigorous, with a rounded crown of medium density. The branches of the tree branch off from the trunk at an acute angle. Thus, the apple tree looks more massive and more powerful than it actually is.

Ripening terms

Apple blossoms begin in the spring season and lasts up to ten days.

Since the apple variety is winter, the fruits ripen for a very long time. It is recommended to shoot fruits in October. Please note that frost has a negative effect on the quality of the crop, therefore it is advised to remove the fruits before the cold weather begins.

The fruits themselves are large and juicy.

The frequency of fruiting

The average apple yield is 192 centners. Begins fruiting in the fourth year from planting. Bears fruit every year.

Fruit tasting

The tasting score of the taste of the fruit is 4.5 points. Apples ripen around October. However, the fruit needs to "fill up" and be nourished with flavoring and useful properties. Therefore, apples collected from Pennant are recommended to be consumed not earlier than November. They can be stored until March.

Frost resistance

The species belongs to winter varieties. Therefore, the frost resistance of the tree is high. The apple tree can withstand severe frosts, up to minus 35-40 degrees Celsius. When conducting research, breeders carried out artificial freezing of an apple tree to a temperature of 40 degrees. The results were the following indicators:

  1. The bark is free of frost.
  2. Freezing of wood and buds is within normal limits.

Diseases and pests

The tree is quite resistant to diseases and pests. First of all, to the scab. However, do not forget to carefully look after him in order to harvest a good harvest every year.

Experienced gardeners advise to spray the tree in the spring and fall without the use of chemicals.

The variety is also moderately resistant to salinity. However, it is not resistant to drought. Therefore, it is best to water about once a week.

Distribution in regions

Apple-tree Pennant is a variety with high resistance to low temperatures. Recommended for planting in the Central Black Earth Region.

A large-scale landing is planned in the Central, South and North Caucasian regions.

Pennant is a good apple variety that grows in any region, bringing a bountiful harvest to the owner. The only thing that is required from the gardener is the right care and the fruits harvested on time.

Due to its low popularity and novelty, apple lovers lose sight of this variety. However, in the near future Pennant may take leading positions in growing in gardens and simply in agriculture.

Watch the video: Extinct Apples and the Golden Age of American Pomology (November 2022).