Rules for processing peach in the spring

Rules for processing peach in the spring

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Peach (from the Latin Prúnus pérsica), or "Persian plum", refers to plants from the Pink family, subgenus Almonds. It differs from the almond tree in the appearance and taste of the fruit. Peach cultivation is popular in the southern regions and areas with a steadily warm climate. However, new and promising varieties are zoned in more northern regions of our country.

Features and timing of spring processing

Spring processing of fruit stands is an obligatory agricultural technique. In early spring, peach trees need preventive spraying and effective pruning of the crown. Peach should be processed several times a year, and each processing involves the performance of certain tasks. Such events are held not only in spring and summer, but also in autumn.

It is very important to strictly observe the deadlines and the spring processing pattern, which will allow to carry out activities with minimal time and effort, while receiving the most effective protection against most damaging factors, which can not only reduce the quality of the fruit, but also often cause a complete loss of the crop.

The first time, garden plantings should be treated before the active budding phase. The main purpose of the starting treatment is the destruction of all kinds of plant parasites that can overwinter in the bark of fruit trees and on shoots. Most often, copper based fungicides are used for this purpose. Especially popular are drugs such as copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid.

In the process of spraying, the following rules and recommendations of experienced gardeners should be followed:

  • early spraying (before the budding phase) does not involve the use of urea or urea-based preparations that promote too rapid activation of growth processes and stimulate premature plant awakening;

  • it is mandatory to spray the garden plantations from curly to the budding phase of the buds, and then along the green cone;
  • treatment with a pink bud allows to increase the immunity of fruit trees and serves as an excellent prophylaxis of damage to a number of diseases, including powdery mildew, scab and moniliosis;
  • immediately after flowering, the final spring treatment of garden plantings is carried out, which contributes to protection against diseases and pests, as well as saturating with nitrogen-containing complexes.

It should be remembered that the most effective treatment of peach trees is timely, using the most effective drugs against each specific damaging factor.

How to prune a peach in spring

The main damaging factors

In addition to winter frosts and late spring frosts, heat-loving and fairly tender peach trees can be affected by many diseases and plant parasites.

As a rule, orchard peach plantings are affected: the eastern moth, aphids, scale insects, mining moths, plum moths.

The main diseases that peach trees are subject to in the conditions of home gardening include:

  • kleasterosporiosis;
  • curl of leaves;
  • powdery mildew;
  • moniliosis.

Regular inspections of fruit plantations and compliance with the terms of preventive treatments can minimize the risk of peach damage. If necessary, you should use the table of the most effective and modern insectofungicidal agents recommended for use in the conditions of home gardening.

Effective Chemicals

Of course, chemicals cannot be classified as harmless, so their use must necessarily be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and in accordance with the standard terms for preventive measures.

MeansTerms of useDamaging factor
"Delan" or "Chorus" according to the instructionsBefore the budding phasePeach plantations
Aktara 1.4 g or Angio 3.6 ml with the addition of Horus 3 g diluted in 10 l of waterStage swelling of fruit buds or pink budKidney weevils, aphids, monilial plant burn, powdery mildew
Chorus 3 g with the addition of 2 ml of Skor, diluted in 10 l of waterThe end of flowering and blooming foliageMonilial burn of fruit trees, peach curly leaves, powdery mildew

The use of modern and sufficiently toxic chemicals involves the mandatory use of protective equipment, as well as strict adherence to dosage. Spraying of fruit stands should be carried out in dry and calm weather, preferably in the evening.

The best folk remedies

Supporters of organic farming and gardeners who want to get the most environmentally friendly products quite often replace chemical insecticidal preparations with less effective, but absolutely harmless folk remedies.

MeansCooking methodDamaging factor
Black belenaBoil 1 kg of dry plant material in 3 l of water, cool, strain, bring water to a volume of 10 lAphids, honeypots, herbivorous bugs
Hogweed cut1 kg of leaves, stems and roots pour 10 liters of water and insist for a day, and then strainAphid
Calendula infusionBoil 0.1 kg of flowers in 1 liter of water for 1/2 hour and insist in a cool dark place for 48 hours. Dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 1Aphids, ticks and other deciduous and sucking vegetable juices
Mustard powder0.1 kg of powder insist in 10 l of hot water for two daysAphids, codling moths, leaf-eating and leaf-sucking plant parasites
Coniferous extract1 tbsp. l dilute in 10 l of tap waterAphids, ticks, leaf-sucking plant parasites

Very good and quite effective remedies for garden pests are hunting belts and special traps that allow you to effectively deal with the most common plant parasites.

Cameo-detection: methods of struggle