We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Currant red "darling" lives up to its name. Its dark red shiny fruits adorn compact bushes. This variety has been bred not so long ago. But gardeners managed to fall in love with him. It does not require painstaking care and brings a generous harvest.
Description and specifications
Currant varieties "beloved" has a fairly attractive characteristics and description. Its bushes are low and slightly spreading. On even and thickened shoots are medium sized buds. Young shoots have a reddish-purple hue. Lignified branches are painted in gray tones. Large leaf blades of this variety with wavy edges. The leaf has 5 protrusions. Its dark green surface is devoid of luster.
Flowers "beloved" resemble deep saucers. Their sepals bent downwards in a yellow-green tone (with reddish touches). They open in early May and bloom for about 2 weeks.
Red currant has dense, arched, growing down brushes. The fruits have a deep red color and a round shape. Tender and juicy, almost the same in size, from 0.6 to 0.8 g of berries with a small amount of seeds are endowed with a sweet and sour taste. Tasting score is high - 4.8 out of 5.
The fruits ripen in the last days of June - early July. FROM young plants remove 3 kg of berries from the bush. With proper care, each mature bush receives up to 12 kg of fruit. Gorgeous, as if varnished clusters of berries, not crumbling and preserving taste, can be on bushes for a long time. They even during long transportation do not lose their attractive appearance.
Beloved currant: features of the variety
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Red currant "beloved" has several advantages:
- This variety is winter hardy. It does not need to be covered in the winter. The plant withstands harsh winters.
- It gives high yields of berries. More than 11 tons per 1 ha.
- It is characterized by excellent self-fertility (about 60%) and does not require cross-pollination.
- The plant has a high resistance to many ailments, including the sphero-library (powdery mildew).
- Currant fruits contain about 12% of sugars, a lot of vitamin C and carotene, various organic acids and mineral salts, a fair share of tannins and pectin.
- Fresh berries are an excellent dessert. They make excellent jam and juice. With a cold, it is an indispensable diaphoretic. Currant juice stimulates intestinal activity, removes uric acid salts.
The disadvantages of this variety include leaf spot damage.
Best of all, redcurrant grows on slightly acidic loamy soil. It should be enriched with mineral components and well drained. If groundwater lies at a depth of 50-60 cm, then the bushes should be planted on a low hill.
To land "beloved" you need to choose areas open to sunlight. Gooseberry is her best neighbor, and blackcurrant is the most unacceptable. Currants are indifferent to other plants. This is due to the fact that its roots are located in higher layers than trees, and deeper than grasses.
“Beloved” is recommended to be planted at the beginning of the autumn season. A funnel is dug with a size of 50 * 50 cm and a depth of at least 60 cm. Pits are made at a distance of up to 2 m, so that the bushes have enough lighting, and the roots - space. 2 hours before planting, removing damaged roots, the seedling must be lowered into the water. If you add "Kornevin" to it, then the plant will grow new roots faster.
Since the currant grows 20-25 years, then for it we must try to prepare the perfect habitat:
- put chips or finely chopped branches to the bottom of the pit;
- sprinkle them with soil removed during digging;
- put chalk or dolomite (500 g) mixed with 1 tbsp. l fertilizer that contains potassium;
- add compost;
- pour water to seal all layers.
You can not lime the soil and use fertilizers with chlorine in places where currants grow. She may suffer from chlorosis.
In a prepared hole, pour a mound of earth. Place a seedling on it, spreading the roots. Currants must be planted by tilting slightly. On the stem 3 buds above the root should be covered with soil. If it is very dense, it is better to add sand. Leave the remaining kidneys above the surface of the earth.
In order for the soil to stick to the roots well, it should be watered. Sprinkle bare roots with earth. It is not necessary to compact the earth around the planted plant.
During planting, it is recommended to shorten the shoots on the seedling so that 3-4 strong buds remain above the ground.
In spring, lateral branches begin to develop from them. From buds left underground, root shoots will grow.
After trimming, pour a mound (up to 12 cm) from the soil around the bush. With the advent of spring, the earth should be removed from the young plant. During the summer, "beloved" branches will grow. After 1 year (with the onset of autumn) they all need to be cut, leaving 3/4 of the length.
In the second year of life of currants (with the advent of spring) on the bush, you need to cut off all the shoots. Leave only 3 or 4 of the strongest. It must be removed so that no stumps remain. Over the next years, the trimming procedure is performed according to the above algorithm. After 5 years, the bush should consist of approximately 9-10 main shoots.
The greatest yield is brought by branches at the age of 3-5 years. Red currant always forms fruit branches at the ends of the shoots. Such branches bear fruit for 10 years, and then die. Therefore, after the formation of the bush, you can not trim the ends of the shoots. Obsolete shoots must be removed by cutting to the root.
Redcurrant: variety selection
Currants are not very demanding on soil fertility. For normal development within 2-3 years, the bush will be enough of what was laid in the pit before planting. After that, in March-April, the plant needs to be fed with urea (up to 25 g per bush). When the flowers appear, it must be "treated" with mullein (for 0.5 l of water - 50 g of manure). Watering the bushes is necessary only in dry periods (3-5 buckets).