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Currant Black grape is one of the most common varieties of currant, despite the fact that there are a variety of varieties: Minai Shmyrev, Bagira, Dikovinka, Dessert Olkhinoy, Lyubava, etc. And in principle, currants are in first place among the berries grown in Russia. It has many useful vitamins and minerals, so you should not deprive her of her garden. It is important to know all the beneficial properties, especially the cultivation of Grape currants.
Grape Variety Description
This species is large-fruited, with a compact, straight-growing and weakly branched bush. He well resists pests and powdery mildew, and in the first year he will please the gardener with high productivity. If you want to achieve the best performance from him, you should conduct enhanced agricultural technology.
Still do not forget about such an unpleasant thing as drought. And this currant variety is very resistant to it, as well as to winter. The kidney tick is not interested in him, and there is a fairly high immunity to the main diseases. Such currants will look good in the garden, because it is spreading.
The leaves, in accordance with the name, are similar to grape, and the crop, which reaches up to 6 kg from the bush, must be collected at the same time. This variety was obtained at St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, and such currants are grown in the Volga-Vyatka region. This was achieved by crossing the variety Pamyat Michurin with Seagull. Her shoots are erect, and the berries themselves have a taste that can be called nothing more than dessert. The separation of fruits in the variety is wet.
How to grow blackcurrant
The following stages of growing currants:
- site selection:
- soil preparation;
- planting a bush;
Site selection is of great importance when growing currants. The place should not be located in the heat all day. You need to place the bush on a periodically shaded area. As soon as you select the site on which you would like to plant currants, you need to dig pits, and then understand at what level groundwater is. If it turns out that the water is more than 1.5 meters from the soil, planting currants in this area is unacceptable, since it takes roots into the ground to a depth of 2 m, and sometimes more. Also note that if the soil is acidic, then liming should be performed.
How to prune currants
Immediately before starting to plant, it is allowed to cultivate the soil with a plow, but when plowing, it is unacceptable to turn the podzol. On a hundred square meters, you need to add 8-10 kg of phosphate rock, 2 kg of potassium and 400-600 kg of manure.
Typically, planting is done in the fall, but it is allowed to do this in the spring. If the soil meets the above requirements, arrange the stakes to determine the rows. The distance between the bushes should be 0.6-1.5 m, between the rows - 1.87-2.5 m. After you pour the soil, you will need to mulch it with a layer of peat, the thickness of which should be 3-5 cm.
Do not forget to hone the currant if you planted it in the fall. With the advent of spring, when the soil dries up, you need to loosen it around the bushes to a depth of 8-10 cm, and then mulch. Directly mulch, which can be either from peat, or from manure or compost, needs to be scattered with a layer of 8 cm. This helps to enhance the growth of berries.
In the rows, the cultivation and cultivation should be done deeper than in the bushes by 10-12 cm. We also draw your attention to the need to hoe the soil 4 times during the season. The first time this is done in early spring in order to close the moisture and incorporate fertilizers. The second time - during the period of active growth, the third - after the harvest, and the fourth you need to carry out wintering cultivation, intended for planting fertilizers.
Watering your planting needs to be done 2-3 times. Doing this is required during a period of active growth, as well as after you have harvested. As soon as watering is done, it is necessary to cultivate the row-spacing.
Do not close your eyes to the topography of the soil, this greatly affects the final result.
How well your currant grows, to a large extent, depends on how its roots feed. And keep in mind that you must do everything to prevent sodding of the soil. Weeds and sods will take nutrients from the roots, and this will lead to the dropping of leaves before leaf fall begins, inhibition of growth, weakening of root shoots, and also reduce resistance to pests and diseases.
If you fertilize the soil annually, then you need to make 5-7 kg of manure or compost for each bush. It is recommended to do this in the fall. In the first year, 8-10 kg of manure is required. On the second you need to add 100-150 g of the berry mixture with phosphorus - mineral fertilizers. The amount of manure in the third year should remain the same, but phosphorus is not required. In the fourth and fifth year, on the contrary, manure is not required. Instead, 250-300 g of mineral fertilizers are applied. It is recommended that the amount of minerals in the fourth year exceed the same in the fifth year by 1.5 times. In the sixth year, fertilizer is made using 8-10 kg of manure and 150-180 g of minerals. In the seventh and eighth year, manure must again be excluded and only minerals should be used. Each bush requires 250 g. And, finally, in the ninth year you need to fertilize currants with manure and add 150-180 g of minerals.
How to plant currants
More about currants
In conclusion, it must be added that grape currants should be protected from diseases and pests. It is extremely conveniently stored in special jars, in which you can look in a month later and find that the berries remained the same in taste, smell and freshness. Do not forget that currants are great for making jams, juices, wine, jams and many other products that very well retain most of the vitamins.