Pear "Talgar Beauty": features of agricultural technology

Pear "Talgar Beauty": features of agricultural technology

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Pear "Talgar Beauty", bred in the middle of the last century, is deservedly popular with experienced gardeners and novice summer residents. The variety was obtained by experienced breeder A. N. Katseiko at the Kazakh Research Institute of Viticulture and Fruit Growing.

Varietal characteristic and description

Description of the pear "Talgar Beauty" characterizes this pear as a tree with medium growth power. Crohn has an average of leafy, has a broad pyramidal shape and hanging branches. Skeletal branches extend at a right angle. Bark with pronounced peeling, gray. Fruit setting is observed mainly on the gloves.

Leaves of large size, ovoid, with long and pointed tips, dark green color. The sheet plate is smooth, glossy, without pubescence.

Fruits of average weight 145-205 g, as a rule, aligned, elongated-pear-shaped, with a beveled top, covered with a skin of medium thickness, smooth and oily. Surface without rust, glossy, pale yellow, with a blurry red-carmine blush on the sunny side. Seed chambers of small size, closed type. The pulp has good taste, very juicy, with fine grain and no pronounced aroma. High palatability is due to the predominance of sugars over acids.

Removable fruit ripeness occurs at the end of September. The consumer maturity period begins in October or November (depending on the region). The average storage period of the harvested crop is two months. Subject to temperature and humidity in the storehouse, the fruits do not lose their taste and market characteristics until December-January. When stored in the refrigerator, the crop can be stored until February.

Pear "Talgar Beauty": variety description

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Rules for choosing and planting seedlings

When purchasing a pear "Talgar Beauty", you need to pay attention to the quality indicators of planting material. One-year-old seedlings have the best survival rate. Standards for high-quality planting material include the following indicators:

  • the height of the unbranched one-year should not exceed 1.2 m with a stem diameter of 0.9-1 cm;
  • the height of the branched one-year stem should be 0.4-0.6 m with a stem diameter of 1-1.2 cm and a length of main branches of 5-10 cm;
  • the height of the two-year-old stem should be 0.4-0.6 cm with a diameter of 1.4-1.7 cm and a length of the main branches of 20 cm.

The plant must be completely healthy without any pronounced damage to the bark or root system. The roots should be well developed. You should carefully consider the stock of pear seedlings. Seedlings grown on the so-called dwarf and semi-dwarf rootstocks show lower survival rates.

The best pollinators and care features

Most pear varieties have insufficient parthenocarpy, which implies the simultaneous planting of several fruit seedlings in one or neighboring areas. In any case, the presence of pollinating varieties on the plot favorably affects the yield and quality characteristics of the pear fruit. The best pollinators for the "Talgar beauty" are considered varieties "The favorite of Klapp", "Goverla" and "The conference".

In general, "Talgar Beauty" refers to the category of unpretentious varieties in the care. Experienced gardeners report good compatibility with quince rootstocks. A pear of this variety begins to bear fruit stably about four years after planting in a permanent place. However, single fruits can form in the second or third year of a plant's life. Fruiting is characterized as regular and abundant, rapidly growing every year the fruit tree grows.

Depending on the soil and climatic conditions in the cultivation region, pear seedlings are planted in early spring or autumn. Autumn planting of plants is carried out several weeks before the onset of significant frosts. The dimensions of the planting pit are calculated based on the volume of the root system of the planted plants.

Further care of the plant is not difficult. Immediately after planting, special watering holes should be arranged around the seedling, which will facilitate further irrigation activities. Mulching of the soil with peat or humus mass has good effectiveness. To obtain the most evenly growing fruit tree, the seedling after planting is fixed to a support peg driven into the ground.

The main activities that make up the technology of growing fruit crops in home gardening are as follows:

  • in the dry period, plants should be watered as the soil dries, spending about two or three buckets on each pear tree;
  • especially a lot of water is consumed by fruit trees at the stage of intensive development and fruit loading, which involves abundant watering at the rate of 25-30 buckets per adult plant;
  • regardless of the degree of soil fertility in the plot, high productivity of the variety requires systematic top dressing at all stages of development of the fruit plant;
  • in order to get a long and abundant fruiting pear tree, the formation of the crown must be started from the second year of its life, using pruning in order to obtain a discharged-tiered form;

  • annual pearing is necessarily included in pear plantation care activities, which is aimed at preventing diseases and destroying the main pests of fruit trees;
  • twice a year, it is necessary to whitewash the bark, which helps to protect against sunburn and damage by plant parasites.

In the summer period, weeding is necessarily carried out in near-stem circles, and in autumn, immediately before the warming mulching, the soil is loosened.

Grade Reviews

The Talgar Beauty, popular among gardeners and summer residents, has sufficient winter hardiness indicators, which, according to observations and reviews of gardeners, reach -28-30 ° ะก. Adult fruit plants are characterized by drought tolerance and good regeneration with proper care.

Also, the advantages of the variety include good resistance to damage by plant parasites and the most common fungal diseases of fruit crops. The variety can be grafted both on seedlings of popular varieties and on a forest pear, and also shows excellent compatibility with quince stocks.

How to prune a pear

The main advantages of the variety of gardeners and summer residents include external attractiveness and large-fruited, as well as excellent taste. The pear "Talgar Beauty" is characterized by early maturity, high yield indicators, the ability to carry out long-term storage and transportation of harvested crops. Significant deficiencies of the variety are not noted. The minor disadvantages include a fairly high hardness of the pulp of the fruit and the risk of it becoming brown as a result of a late harvest.