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Colon-shaped peaches and nectarines: variety selection and cultivation recommendations

Colon-shaped peaches and nectarines: variety selection and cultivation recommendations


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Column-shaped peaches and nectarines are today considered exotic in most regions of our country. However, in recent years, breeders have bred quite stable forms of these fruit crops, including colony-shaped ones, which can contribute to their wider distribution.

Feature and Features

Colon-shaped peaches and nectarines are dwarf varieties. The trees grow small, much lower in height than the fruit plants usual for domestic gardeners. The unusual and interesting name "columnar" such trees received due to a very unusual appearance and outward resemblance to the columns.

For planting in a garden or garden plot, it is necessary to select annual seedlings that are better to take root and adapt faster. Age-old seedlings of columnar fruit plants are very often and seriously ill after transplantation.

Colon-shaped fruit trees are planted not only for harvest, but also for decorative purposes. The crown of such plants in shape resembles a cylinder adjacent to the stem at approximately the same distance along its entire length. Fruit shoots grow directly from the main stem and are short branches without additional branches.

Advantages and disadvantages

Of course, the compactness of fruit stands is the main and most important for gardeners and summer residents the dignity of the columnar shape of peaches and nectarines.

Plant care is maximally simplified. Low crowns are easy enough to process and release from the ripened crop. In addition, columnar nectarines and peaches do not need crown formation, and the qualitative characteristics of the fruits are at the highest level.

The disadvantages include low productivity due to the compactness of the crown, as well as a short productive period and, as a consequence, the need to more frequently update the garden plantings. A certain disadvantage is the rather high price of columnar seedlings.

How to plant a peach

The best varieties of columnar nectarine

Despite the fact that today there are a small number of columnar varieties of peach and nectarine, gardeners still have a choice.

Grade nameDescription and varietal characteristicsGardeners reviews
Nectarine "Fantasy"A short and very compact plant with a height of not more than two meters and a crown diameter of about 0.5 m. The fruits are smooth, round, bright orange with a burgundy blush, weighing up to 175 g. It comes into bearing a couple of years after planting. Immunity to leaf curl. Frost resistance up to -30 ° ะกThis is one of the most delicious and beautiful varieties of nectarine with very delicate pulp and easily detachable bone. It grows well even with insufficiently competent care and does not require high agricultural technology
Nectarine "Rubis"A plant 1.2-1.5 m high, blooming profusely with pink flowers. Fruits are large in size, ruby-purple in color with amber flesh. Ripen in JulyReviews characterize the variety as large-fruited and productive. It can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Differs in unpretentiousness in leaving

The best varieties of columnar peach

Peaches are a more common fruit crop in our country than nectarines. Domestic and foreign breeders have managed to develop several varieties that are very promising for home gardening.

Grade nameDescription and varietal characteristicsGardeners reviews
Peach Gardener TotemMid-early variety. The height of an adult productive plant does not exceed 1.5-1.7 m. Fruits are flat-round in shape with a red blush and sweet flesh. The mass of the fruit is 270-290 gUnpretentious and very productive variety. The average yield of an adult tree is about 12-14 kg. The fruits are distinguished by their presentation and good taste.
Peach "Steinberg"It has a small pyramidal crown. The tree is medium-sized, up to 2 m high. The fruits are round-oval in shape, yellow-orange with a bright raspberry blush on the sunny side, weighing up to 150-160 g. The pulp is juicy and aromatic, yellowishThe grade is very responsive to high agricultural technology. However, even with insufficiently competent care, the yield is stable and high. The taste of ripe fruit pulp is very good even with a lack of warm days during the season
Peach "Anniversary of the capital"The variety is early ripe. The height of the fruit tree is not more than 1.5 m. The fruits are round, juicy and sweet. The average mass of the fruit is not more than 255 g, and the total yield indicators are about 10-12 kgThe variety is suitable for early harvest. The use of fruits is universal. The plant is practically not affected by diseases and pests
Peach "Golden Triumph"The variety is classified as early. The average height of the tree with a compact crown does not exceed 1.4-1.5 m. The fruits are attractive, red in color, very sweet. The mass of marketable fruit is at least 255-285 g. Productivity, subject to the rules and growing technology, is at least 10-12 kg per plantThe variety fully justifies its name. It forms very beautiful and large fruits that have excellent taste and sufficient transportability. It is characterized by resistance to frost, drought, disease and pests
Peach "Honey"Maturing term is average. Harvesting is carried out in the second decade of July. A tree no more than 2 m high, with a thick and oval crown. Fruits are large, weighing up to 175-180 g, round, yellow with a red blush and medium pubescenceTaste characteristics are very good, the taste of the pulp is sweet, the bone is easily detachable. The variety has high frost resistance and is resistant to diseases.

Of particular interest to gardeners is a columnar fig peach. The high price of fruits and the popularity of this fruit crop are due to the remarkable taste and rich vitamin composition of the pulp. The fruits are incredibly fragrant, juicy and sweet, with delicate pulp and a small bone. Fig peach is more winter-hardy than the usual peach varieties.

We also offer you to read an article about colon-shaped apple trees.

Care Features

The best time for planting is the autumn period, which allows seedlings to gain a foothold until the next season. Planting is carried out in an ordinary way, with a distance between rows of at least a meter, and between fruit seedlings - 45-55 cm.

Caring for plants is not difficult. High productivity requires sufficient fertilizer application. For top dressing, it is best to use complex fertilizers, as well as manure, bird droppings and urea. In the first year, all flowers must be removed from the plant. In the second year of planting, the regulation of ovaries is mandatory. It is very important to carry out weeding in a timely manner, as well as carry out irrigation, after which the soil is loosened and mulching trunks circles. Despite the high resistance of plants to diseases and pests, preventive treatment of fruit stands is necessary.

How nectarine differs from peach

With proper care and observing the cultivation technology, very neat and tidy fruit trees with an abundance of bright and beautiful fruits can become the main decoration of the garden.